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Have you ever wondered what endocrine glands are? and why it was named by that?

Endocrine is a number of members of the tissue located in different parts of the body and there are different forms and sizes and acts as an integrated device, which secrete chemicals called hormones work to help the rest of the body to perform its work to the fullest. Endocrine systems work with the nervous system to control the functions of the human body to regulate, balance and balance biochemical reactions, biological activities and metabolism.

The endocrine system controls the body’s slow functions, such as cell growth. Fast body functions, such as breathing and movement, are controlled by the nervous system.

Endocrine is called this name because of its lack of channels and valves, it pours secretions and hormones directly into the blood through a rich network of micro blood vessels. These hormones stay with the blood until they reach their final targets. Therefore, they are also called (the hormonal glands of the brain). We can consider hormones as chemical messages in the body. Their function is to transfer information and commands from a group of cells to another group.

We will review the endocrine fast and its main functions briefly.
1 – The main glands that make the endocrine:

    • Thyroid gland is located in the lower middle of the brain, which is considered a very important gland in the body, although small size, but the main gland and effective because of its direct link with the endocrine system and the nervous system, the thalamus gland secretion of a number of hormones to stimulate the pituitary gland secretes hormones that stimulate or inhibit the secretion of growth hormones and thyroid hormones.
    • The gland is located behind the pituitary gland directly behind the eyes. The brain is located in the cavity of the skull. Of vital functions.
    • Pituitary gland: The size of this gland is too small for the amount of basic functions performed in the body, as this gland sends signals to other glands such as growth hormone and prolactin hormone, and is also responsible for the secretion of a number of hormones that affect other glands, Such as the thyroid gland.
    • Thymus: This is called the Thymus Thymusin, which regulates the building of immunity in the body and helps in the development of the immune system. Lymphocyte production regulates the immune regulation of the body.
    • The adrenal gland is also called the renal gland because it is located above the kidneys and is divided into two sections each side. This gland is made up of a shell and a heart, each of which is responsible for the secretion of a specific hormone. The cortex is divided into three sections: outer crust, each of these cortices produces a hormone different from the other. This means that this gland works on many important functions within the body without which the body is exposed to vinegar in many of its functions.
    • Pancreas: The pancreas is located behind the stomach and has many functions of the glands of the glands and endocrine glands, including the secretion of the juice containing a number of digestive enzymes and loyal to the twelve, these enzymes help digest food, and the main function of the pancreas to maintain blood sugar levels.
    • The pancreas also produces hormones such as insulin, which play an important role in the absorption, metabolism and storage of nutrients such as glucose.
    • Ovary and testicular: The ovary is responsible for the secretion of the hormone of femininity known as the hormone estrogen and hormone Rogston responsible for the distinctive signs of women such as breast growth and the occurrence of menstruation and helps to maintain healthy menstrual periods.
    • As for the testis, it is responsible for the hormone testosterone which gives the signs of manhood, such as the growth of hair beard and mustache and harshness of sound.
    • Thyroid gland is located at the front of the neck. The gland secretes hormones that control many functions in the body. It controls the metabolism of the person. For example, it controls the way the body uses energy, consumes oxygen and produces heat.
    • Thyroid glands: A group of four small oval-shaped endocrine glands located on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland in the neck. The importance of this gland is to develop healthy bone growth as it helps control both calcium and phosphorus levels in the body.

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